However, the New England colonies had characteristics such as hills and grasslands, and land for agriculture had to be distributed equitably, so that each got a fair share of the land (Document E). Another difference between the New England and Chesapeake regions is why each was founded. As the “articles of the Springfield, Massachusetts Agreement of 1636” showed, the reason the colonies were established in New England was not to generate profit, but to disseminate their religious beliefs and express them freely. John Winthrop, the head of the colonies, said the New England colonies should be “like a town on a hill” or an example of goodness that everyone should follow. However, the Chesapeake colonies were created almost exclusively in the hope of finding gold (Document F). The New England and Chesapeake colonies, both founded by England and colonized mainly by English, were very different colonies in the 17th year. The reasons for this were the differences in geography, religion and funding reasons, and the types of settlers who emigrated to each subdivision The chesapeake and New England colonies, while both located on the east coast, had very different geographical characteristics. Virginia and the surrounding chesapeake consisted of marshlands and marshes, as well as many rivers that were to flow into the largest estuary in the United States, the Chesapeake Bay (Document G). Although the settlers of the region first tried to find gold, they soon discovered that the land was better suited to agriculture.
This has allowed the region to take more industrial action. The New England and Chesapeake colonies were separated in the areas of geography, religion, foundation and the types of people who settled and lived there. Although they had the same metropolis, these differences are at the origin of two distinct societies. When this failed, the settlers switched to commercial agriculture, especially tobacco cultivation, after being introduced by John Rolph. These differences in creation had a direct impact on the types of people who would emigrate from the metropolis to live and work in the colonies, the last difference between the New England and Chesapeake colonies. The people who emigrated from England to Virginia were mainly young single men, many of whom were employed for tobacco plantations (Document C). As peasants would gain more land in the Chesapeake, labour shortages would increase, requiring more emigrants and servants to go to the colonies. However, the New England colonies had little room for arable land and therefore asked craftsmen and families to settle in the cities (Document B).