Subsequently, the strategy of the “Lausanne II Conference” led to the signing of the “Treaty of Lausanne”, signed on 24 July 1923 at the “Beau Rivage Plus” hotel in Lausanne. Signatories to the treaty include the victorious powers of the First World War (particularly Great Britain, France and Italy) and the Ottoman Empire. Formally, on the basis of this treaty, the Ottoman Empire was divided and the Turkish Republic was founded under the presidency of Mustafa Kamal Ataturk. In May 1917, after constantine I`s exile from Greece, Greek Prime Minister Eleutherios VenizĂ©los returned to Athens and allied with the Agreement. The Greek armed forces (although divided between supporters of the monarchy and supporters of VenizĂ©los) began to participate in military operations against the Bulgarian army at the border. In the same year, Italy was promised under the Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne agreement between France, Italy and the United Kingdom. After the total collapse of the Ottoman government, its representatives signed in 1920 the Treaty of Sevres, which would have divided much of the territory of present-day Turkey between France, the United Kingdom, Greece and Italy. Turkey`s war of independence forced Western European powers to return to the negotiating table before the treaty could be ratified. The Western Europeans and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey signed and ratified in 1923 the new Treaty of Lausanne, which replaced the Treaty of Sevres and agreed on most territorial issues. An unresolved issue, the dispute between the Kingdom of Iraq and the Republic of Turkey over the former province of Mosul, was then negotiated under the aegis of the League of Nations in 1926. The British and French divided Greater Syria into the Sykes-Picot agreement. Other secret agreements have been concluded with Italy and Russia.

[7] The Balfour Declaration encouraged the international Zionist movement to work for a Jewish homeland in Palestine. While Russia was part of the Triple Agreement, it also had war agreements that prevented it from participating in the partition of the Ottoman Empire after the Russian Revolution.